What is ADHD?Posted in: Stimulants
Many students have trouble with focusing and concentrating on tasks at school. The usual diagnosis for this is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Other symptoms include forgetfulness, not being able to sit still, and constant interruption. According to Healthline, “one in 10 children between the ages of 5 and 17 are diagnosed with ADHD.” Boys are more likely to show the obvious signs of the disorder, while girls tend to express symptoms in terms of hyper activity in talking and dreaming.
Although the exact cause of ADHD is unknown, researchers link levels of dopamine and varied brain differences as potential factors. Dopamine, the “happy” chemical controls the reward center in the brain; it controls how we feel pleasure. In addition, people with ADHD have changes in the brain that impact decision-making and self-control.
There are two prescription drugs that are used to treat ADHD: Ritalin and Adderall. These stimulant, or upper drugs, are used to increase dopamine levels in the brain. When taking these drugs, children have an easier time focusing, being attentive, and controlling their emotions.
The problem is that these drugs are easily abused and mistreated. Instead of using these drugs as prescribed, people sometimes use them to become more active at parties, increase happy feelings, and snort the crushed drugs through the nose. Although the effects might be have temporary positive effects, they do more harm than good. Side effects include: holes in the nose, seizures, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, shallow breathing, overdose, and death. As always, be careful when taking any drug, even one prescribed to help with a common disorder or disease.